tmj or Temporomandibular joint disorder (temporomandibular joint syndrome) dysfunction of the Temporomandibular joint, marked by a clicking or grinding sensation in the joint and often by pain in or about the ears, tinnitus, tiredness and slight soreness of the jaw muscles upon waking, and stiffness of the jaw or actual trismus. Numerous causes have been proposed, such as mandibular overclosure, stress, and lesions of the joint. Called also TMJ disorder or syndrome.
tmj-Temporomandibular joint disorder
There are two joints to Temporomandibular. One on each side of the jaw.Some of the causes of Temporomandibular Syndrome can be excessive physical stress on the joint. Some of the pain can be caused by some of the structures of the Temporomandibular or connections to. Like teeth, cartilage at the joints and muscles around the jaw or face and neck. Also, nearby ligament, vessels, and nerves.
The cause of Temporomandibular Syndrome has not been proven. Some of the causes that have been blamed are possible stress or the grinding of teeth (many people that do grind their teeth do not have Temporomandibular Syndrome). In addition, a bad bite or orthodontic braces are also believed to be a cause. Other causes can be poor posture. Equally, lack of sleep and improper diets. Furthermore, fractures, dislocation, and possible birth defects can also be the cause.
Symptoms of Temporomandibular Syndrome
Some of the symptoms that are associated with Temporomandibular Syndrome are earaches and facial pain. Also, clicking, popping, or loud sounds when opening or closing your mouth. In addition, biting or chewing discomfort. Headaches, Jaw Pain or jaw tenderness. Also, a decrease in the ability to open or close one’s mouth.
Exams and Test for Temporomandibular Syndrome
To find the true cause of Temporomandibular issues might not be easy. You would have to go to a medical professional like your primary care doctor. And possibly the doctor, depending on your symptoms would send you to a specialist like a dentist or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor.
Some of the possible exams or tests may be a dental exam to check bite alignment or possibly feeling the joint and connecting muscles or around the head for any tenderness. Having you slide tour teeth from side to side. Seeing how your jaw opens or closes and to have X-rays done to see if there are any abnormalities.
The doctor would also check for infections, in the gum, ears or headaches. Also, he would check for neuralgias and any kind of nerve-related problems.
Temporomandibular Syndrome Treatments
You should get opinions of several doctors. Speak to them about medications that might relieve the discomfort (short-term usage) like Tylenol or ibuprofen (acetaminophen), Aleve or Naprosyn (naproxen), or any anti-inflammatory or preferably non-steroidal drug. Any kind of muscle relaxant medicine or even antidepressants. They occasionally, but rarely use steroids to alleviate the symptoms. Also, using cold or hot packs on your face might help.
Before you do anything it is important that you get the advice of a medical professional like your primary care physician.
For more in-depth information about Temporomandibular Syndromes go to the links I have listed below
Michael Friedman, DDS “Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD, TMJ)” 12.28.2016 http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/ temporomandibular-disorders-tmd#1
“TMJ Disorder” 12/28/2016 http://dxline.info/diseases/tmj-disorders
“Do You Suffer From Any of The Following”-http://dxline.info/diseases/tmj-disorders-photo