Is Salt Really Good For You.

salt
Salt

Salt, also known as sodium chloride, is about 40 percent sodium and 60 percent chloride. It adds flavor to food. Also used as a preservative, binder, and stabilizer. The human body needs a very small amount of sodium – the primary element we get from salt – to conduct nerve impulses, contract and relax muscles, and maintain the proper balance of water and minerals. But too much sodium in the diet can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.

Sodium consumption high among those at risk of heart disease:

Excess sodium intake is a problem across gender, race, and health status. Some differences were seen:

  • Among adults, a larger proportion of men (98 percent) than women (80 percent) consume too much sodium.
  • About 90 percent of adult whites consume excess sodium compared with 85 percent of blacks.
  • Estimated sodium and calorie consumption peaks between the ages of 19 and 50.
  • Among people at greater risk of developing heart disease or stroke – such as people age 51 and older, African Americans and individuals with high blood pressure or pre-hypertension (blood pressure higher than normal but not in the “high” range) – more than three out of four exceed 2,300 mg per day.
  • Adults with hypertension consume slightly less sodium than other adults and may be trying to follow physicians’ advice to reduce sodium. However, 86 percent of adults with hypertension still consume too much.

At least that is what we were told.

Now we have a whole new outlook towards Sodium Chloride. What are we to do with salt. The government seems to change their position on everything sooner or later. Now, it seems to be Sodium Chloride turn. This phenomenon seems to happen fairly regularly when a new scientific research results come in. Now we understand that the facts of yesteryears were all wrong.  Sodium chloride is no longer a cause for alarm.

The research, published recently in two dense papers in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, reported in The New York Times.  Contradicts much of the conventional wisdom about how the body handles sodium chloride and suggests that high levels may play a role in weight loss.

During an experiment, they recorded that the cosmonauts ate a diet containing 12 grams of salt daily, followed by nine grams daily. In addition, the cosmonauts then ate a low-salt diet of six grams daily, each for a 28-day period. In like manner, in a longer mission, the cosmonauts ate an additional cycle of 12 grams of salt daily.

The Real Shocker for Salt

The real shocker came when Dr. Titze measured the amount of sodium excreted in the crew’s urine, the volume of their urine, and the amount of sodium in their blood.

When the crew ate more salt, they excreted more salt; the amount of sodium in their blood remained constant, and their urine volume increased.

Instead of drinking more, the crew was drinking less in the long run when getting more sodium chloride. So where was the excreted water coming from? More tests need to be made to answer all the questions.

So many new questions with so many new answers to come. This study by Dr. Titze made us look at Sodium Chloride in a new way. Are the findings decisive? Time will tell.

 

Gina Kolata “Why Everything We Know About Salt May Be Wrong” May 2017,<www.nytimes.com/2017/05/08/health/salt-health-effects.html>

“New Research: Excess Sodium Intake Remains Common in the United States” May 2017<https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/p0106-sodium-intake.html>

 

 

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Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Doyle was born on 22 May 1859 at 11 Picardy Place, Edinburgh, Scotland. Doyle was a physician and also a British writer. Best known for his detective fiction. Featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.

Originally a physician, in 1887 Doyle published A Study in Scarlet. This is his first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson. In addition, Doyle wrote over fifty short stories. Featuring the famous detective.

The Sherlock Holmes stories are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction. Additional writing that Doyle is also known for is The Adventure of Professor Challenger. In addition, Mystery of Mary Celeste.  He was a prolific writer whose other works include fantasy and science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction and historical novels.

As a matter of fact, everyone has heard about the adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson. Their popularity scans throughout all the ages. In addition, they have been vastly read throughout the generations.

Holly wood has on numerous occasions depicted their version of Sherlock holmes and Dr. Watson.

In my mind, in old movies that I love is Sherlock Holmes is Basil Rathbone with Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson. Here are some of the most popular chronological order:

Doyle – Dr. Watson

The most famous actor duo playing Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson, Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, joined forces against different villains from 1939 until 1946.

The American actor Robert Duvall intervened on behalf of his friend.
He duped Holmes and got him to Vienna to consult with Sigmund Freud in “The Seven-Per-Cent Solution”.

James Mason’s Watson challenged Jack the Ripper together with Christopher Plummer.

John Mills’ older version of Watson supported Peter Cushing’s aging detective in “The Masks of Death”

Jude Law plays one of the latest incarnations of Dr. Watson in the action movies from director Guy Ritchie with Robert Downey Jr. as Holmes.

Lucy Liu is the only female companion to the Great Detective. She assists Jonny Lee Miller in New York in the CBS TV show “Elementary”.

Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock_Holmes_Portrait
Sherlock_Holmes_Portrait
Before that other oddly named Englishman came around, Rathbone was regarded as the quintessential.

Nicholas Rowe, Young Sherlock Holmes (1985)

Michael Caine, Without a Clue (1988)
Technically, Caine’s just playing a rather bumbling actor pretending to be Holmes.

Benedict Cumberbatch, Sherlock (2010-present)
Ah, there he is. Only the Cumberbatch could turn an arrogant, socially awkward, modern-day Holmes into a total heartthrob.

Jonny Lee Miller, Elementary (2012-present)

Building on the popularity of Sherlock, Elementary sees Miller as a disgraced Holmes who flees to New York after rehab. This time around, his sidekick Watson is not only American, but a woman, and played by the lovely Lucy Liu.

 The great talent of these actors has been able to play the characters of one of the great British Author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
 Credits

Arthur Conan Doyle May 2017 <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Conan_Doyle>

Erin-Donnelly From Benedict To Ian, 7 Actors Who’ve Played Sherlock Holmes” May 2017 <http://www.refinery29.com/2015/07/90589/sherlock-holmes-actor>

Andrea Plunket “Doctor Watson -The “Underestimated” Friend”May 2017 <http://www.sherlock-holmes-movie-and-tv-guide.com/doctor-watson.html>

 

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Sunscreen Or Not To Sunscreen

 

SunscreenSunscreen Or Not To Sunscreen? You spend your day at the beach, working on that beautiful healthy color that can only come from spending time in the sun. Your summer fashion looks great against your sun-kissed bronze skin. Really? Is that tan really a healthy look? Here are some facts to consider, that sun-kissed look you are working on could, in reality, be the kiss of death.

That color that so many people work so hard to achieve is actually the symptom of damage caused to the skin by UV rays. Your skin in the largest living organ of your body, your skin provides protection. Your skin assists to cool the body, when you become hot you perspire, the perspiration evaporates on your skin and cools your body. This is just one example of the many functions of your skin.

Do not forget there is no such thing as a base tan or safe tan. When your skin is exposed to the sun your cells produce melanin, it is the melanin that produces the color of your tan. When your cells are producing extra melanin it is a sign that they have suffered damage from exposure to UV light. And the damage from UV light causes skin cancer and premature aging of the skin.

What To Do, Sunscreen?

So what is a person to do? Well to start, stay away from tanning beds, then limit exposure to the sun’s damaging rays. When you are going to be in the sun wear a sunscreen rated SPF 30 or higher. Reapply your sunscreen every two hours, more often if you have been swimming.

There are two kinds of sunscreen, “chemical and physical. Chemical ingredients such as avobenzone and benzophenone, work by absorbing UV, reducing its penetration into the skin, whereas physical ingredients such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide stay on top of the skin and deflect UV rays. Many sunscreens available today combine chemical and physical ingredients.”

The best type

The best type of sunscreen is one that offers protection against UVA and UVB rays, these are the solar light waves that have been proven to cause damage. SPF stands for “Sun Protection Factor” and the school of thought that anything over an SPF 15 is a waste is just wrong. The fact is that most people do not apply sunscreen in the most effective way to receive the benefits, so don’t be afraid to use an SPF of 30 or higher.

For more information on sunscreen visit the Skin Cancer Foundation’s website at,  http://www.skincancer.org/publications/sun-and-skin-news/

Skin cancer is nothing to take lightly, it is at best disfiguring, and at worse a killer. The way to prevent skin cancer is to protect yourself from the damaging rays of the sun. It is also important to learn to recognize the signs of skin cancer and to go to your dermatologist with anything that you find questionable.

4 types of skin cancer

There are 4 types of skin cancer, melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and Merkel cell carcinoma. Remember that skin cancer can develop in any area of your body that the sun touches. Consult your dermatologist if your notice a suspicious mole. In addition, a mole that has changed or is bleeding.

this is an image of melanoma, the most dangerous type of skin cancer, notice the irregular borders.

Sunscreen, melanoma
Melanoma

For more information visit the Skin Cancer Foundation at,

http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information

Squamous Cell Carcinoma, the most common type of skin cancer.

Sunscreen, Squamous_Cell_Carcinoma
Squamous_Cell_Carcinoma

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The Light Brigade

.
Light brigade
Light Brigade

The Charge of the Light Brigade was a charge of British light cavalry led by Lord Cardigan against Russian forces during the Battle of Balaclava on 25 October 1854, in the Crimean War. The poem by ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON The Charge of the Light Brigade was made about the Light Brigade of the British cavalry, which consisted of the 4th and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, and the 8th and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan.

Also present that day was the Heavy Brigade, commanded by Major General James Yorke Scarlett, who was a past Commanding Officer of the 5th Dragoon Guards. The Heavy Brigade was made up of the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards, the 5th Dragoon Guards, the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons and the Scots Greys. The two brigades were the only British cavalry force at the battle.

Also present that day was the Heavy Brigade, commanded by Major General James Yorke Scarlett, who was a past Commanding Officer of the 5th Dragoon Guards. The Heavy Brigade was made up of the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards, the 5th Dragoon Guards, the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons and the Scots Greys. The two brigades were the only British cavalry force at the battle.

The Light Brigade were the British light cavalry force. The men mounted light, fast horses which were unarmored. These men were armed with lances and sabers. They were optimized for maximum mobility and speed. Their main task was for reconnaissance and skirmishing. They were perfect for cutting down infantry and artillery units as they retreated.

The Heavy Brigade who was under James Scarlett was the British heavy cavalry force. These men rode large, heavy chargers. These men were equipped with metal helmets and armed with cavalry swords for close combat. They were the primary British heavy forces, leading frontal charges in order to break enemy lines.

The Order

The order was drafted by Brigadier Richard Airey. Captain Louis Edward Nolan carried them out. Raglan could see what was happening from his high vantage point on the west side of the valley. However, the lie of the land around Lucan and the cavalry prevented him from seeing the Russians’ efforts to remove the guns from the redoubts and retreat in response to the order.

Lucan instructed Cardigan to lead his command of about 670 troopers [4] of the Light Brigade straight into the valley between the Fedyukhin Heights and the Causeway Heights. The opposing Russian forces were commanded by Pavel Liprandi. They included approximately 20 battalions of infantry. Also, supported by over 50 artillery pieces. These forces were deployed on both sides and at the opposite end of the valley.

It was a suicide ride!

Victoria Crosses awarded to the regiments at Balaclava:

Royal Scots Greys: 2
6th Inniskilling Dragoons: 1
4th Light Dragoons: 1
11th Hussars: 1
13th Light Dragoons: 1
17th Lancers: 3

 

Casualties:

Russian casualties are unknown.

British Casualties:
4th Dragoon Guards: 5 men
5th Dragoon Guards: 2 officers and 13 men
1st Royal Dragoons: 4 officers and 9 men
Royal Scots Greys: 4 officers and 55 men
6th Inniskilling Dragoons: 15 men
4th Light Dragoons: 4 officers and 55 men
8th Hussars: 4 officers and 53 men
11th Hussars: 3 officers and 55 men
13th Light Dragoons: 3 officers and 38 men
17th Lancers: 7 officers and 67 men
93rd Highlanders: no casualties.

 

The Light Brigade Charge Timeline

 

The Poem

 

The Charge of the Light Brigade

BY ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON

 

Half a league, half a league,
Half a league onward,
All in the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
‘Forward, the Light Brigade!
Charge for the guns!’ he said:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.


‘Forward, the Light Brigade!’
Was there a man dismay’d?
Not tho’ the soldier knew
Someone had blunder’d:
Their’s not to make reply,
Their’s not to reason why,
Their’s but to do and die:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.
Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon in front of them
Volley’d and thunder’d;

Storm’d at with shot and shell,
Boldly they rode and well,
Into the jaws of Death,
Into the mouth of Hell
Rode the six hundred.
Flash’d all their sabres bare,
Flash’d as they turn’d in air
Sabring the gunners there,
Charging an army, while
All the world wonder’d:
Plunged in the battery-smoke
Right thro’ the line they broke;
Cossack and Russian
Reel’d from the sabre-stroke
Shatter’d and sunder’d.
Then they rode back, but not
Not the six hundred.
Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon behind them
Volley’d and thunder’d;
Storm’d at with shot and shell,
While horse and hero fell,
They that had fought so well
Came thro’ the jaws of Death,
Back from the mouth of Hell,
All that was left of them,
Left of six hundred.
When can their glory fade ?
O the wild charge they made!
All the world wonder’d.
Honour the charge they made!
Honour the Light Brigade,
Noble six hundred!

 

Credits

 

 

 

 

“Charge of the Light Brigade” May 2017 <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge_of_the_Light_Brigade>

Britishbattles.com 2002 – 2016 “The Battle of Balaclava” May 2017 <http://www.britishbattles.com/crimean-war/balaclava.htm>

Jesse Greenspan“The Charge of the Light Brigade, 160 Years Ago” May 2017 <http://www.history.com/news/the-charge-of-the-light-brigade-160-years-ago>

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Beef Kapama

 

Beef Kapama
Beef Kapama

Beef Kapama has been a favorite of my family for years. Especially, for my eldest son Jesse. So when he came to visit me with his young family it was the first thing he asked for. So here is my recipe for Beef Kapama with burnt butter and pasta. Taught to me by my mother.

Beef Kapama Preparation

3 1/2 to 4 pounds beef chuck roast, cut into 2- to 3-inch chunks

1 tablespoon vegetable oil

1 (15-ounce) can tomato sauce

2 (15-ounce) can water

1 (6-ounce) can tomato paste

1 (6-ounce) can red wine

2 teaspoons salt

1/2 teaspoon black pepper

1 teaspoon cinnamon

1 teaspoon granulated garlic

Pinch allspice

Slow cooker variation: Use only one 15-ounce can of water. Brown beef and place in the crock of a large slow cooker. Use a couple of tablespoons of the water to deglaze the pan and add the juices to the slow cooker. Combine remaining ingredients and pour over beef. Cover and cook for 1 hour on high, then turn to low and cook for 7 to 8 hours, until the meat is fork tender.

 

Pasta With Burnt Butter

2 boxes of Penne pasta

3 sticks of cinnamon

1/2 lb of butter

parmesan

Fill two quarts of water, add some salt and bring it to boil in a pot. Place two boxes of penne pasta in the boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes or until the pasta is tender. Take care not to overcook the pasta. Also, take care not to be splashed by the boiling water.

As the pasta cooks place the ½ pound of butter into a frying pan over medium heat. Stirring the melting butter until it becomes dark with burnt particles throughout. Hmm.

Place 1/3 of the cooked penne pasta into an aluminum pan. Sprinkle parmesan cheese over it. Then do the same with the second and the final amount of the penne pasta. Take the burnt butter in the pan and slowly cover the pasta and parmesan.  Taking care to cover all the pasta.

Put It All Together

Place a portion of pasta with burnt butter and parmesan on a plate. With a ladle add a good portion of Beef Kapama over it.

Sit back and be amazed, works great with a glass of Chardonnay.

Yield: 8 servings

 

Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church”Start Greek prep with Beef Kapama”  May 2017<http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2013/sep/25/start-greek-prep-with-beef-kapama/>

GreekBoston.com”Recipe for Beef Kapama – Greek Style Beef with Wine, Coffee, and Honey”May 2017<http://www.greekboston.com/food/beek-kapama-recipe/>
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